A treasure trove of acids for economic growth

Author: Svetlana SYRITSKAYA - "Rural Newspaper" / № 40 (21477) / 08.04.2021 /
English Translation: DeepL Translate
Grigorii PEREKHOD, head of the production section of ALC "Agrosemproduct"
head of the production section of ALC "Agrosemproduct"
The sapropel deposit "Udhovda" is rich in nutrients: the content of humic and fulvic acids in the dry matter reaches 63.4 percent. In complex combination with fulvic acid they form unique bioavailable complex, which contains more than 70 different components from minerals, more than 20 amino acids, fatty acids, natural saccharides and antioxidants - and this is just the incomplete list.

With a competent approach, all these properties can be used in agriculture and thereby ensure the growth of production indicators. Moreover, sapropel is a domestic raw material, cheap and available.

One of the deposits is located in Pruzhany region. The extracted raw material is of unique quality - there are no analogues in Belarus with such a high content of active substances. The extraction and processing of organomineral substance is carried out by ALC "Agrosemprodukt".
- Today, various reserves are used to improve the efficiency of agriculture: technology is being improved, probiotics, vitamins, minerals, all kinds of feed additives are purchased in large quantities. But this pleasure is not cheap: the average price for the same premixes of acceptable quality - from 10 thousand dollars in the equivalent per ton. Though if we take vitamin and mineral composition as a basis, there is a worthy and affordable alternative - sapropel feed additive, which tentatively costs 100 dollars per ton. It is introduced into the composition of feed and thus can replace 1.2 to 6 percent of the grain, depending on whom it is fed - birds, pigs or cattle. Taking into account the average market price of grain is about 250 dollars in the equivalent per ton, the economy on the scale of not only one farm, but the entire agricultural complex only for this position is very significant. This is confirmed by the results of tests of sapropelic feed additives carried out in 2020 by Belarusian livestock scientists,
Grigorii Perekhod
The tests carried out by the Republican Unitary Enterprise "Scientific and Research Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus on Animal Husbandry" showed high efficiency of sapropel additives: as soon as they were introduced into the ration, there was an increase in milk, the average daily gain of cattle weight increased. This was also due to improved feed conversion.

It is not a secret that soybean, rape or sunflower meal is assimilated by 50 percent only. With sapropel additives, protein digestibility reaches 70-75 percent.

After one month of research, it was proved that metabolic energy consumption per one kilogram of milk decreased by 7-12 percent and crude protein consumption - by 5-9 percent. At the same time, milking herd productivity increased by 10-15 percent and milk fat and protein content increased. Cases of mastitis were reduced by 96 percent and the number of somatic cells in milk decreased by 3.5 times.
- A few years ago experiments were carried out at the pig-breeding complex of Rechitsa KHP. For three months some of the livestock was fed with sapropel in one room and the other with expensive additives. In the first case the use of veterinary preparations was practically three times less and the preservation of livestock was close to the maximum value unlike in the second group where the index was lower. The secret is that humic acids stimulate the body's defenses, improving the immune function of animals. After all sapropel is a powerful sorbent that has the unique ability to bind and excrete naturally pathogenic products or heavy metals, which otherwise lead to either death or disease of animals. Humic acids contained in the sapropel feed additive stimulate the formation of propionic acid, which subsequently synthesizes 60 percent of glucose. The concentration of isobutyric and isovaleric acids is significantly reduced. At the same time, the concentration of ammonia decreases. These findings are confirmed by Belarusian livestock scientists as well. As a result, it all comes down to the therapeutic and preventive properties of humic acids, which can envelop the intestinal mucosa and reduce or completely prevent the absorption of toxic products of metabolism after an infection or when feeding poor-quality feeds,
Grigorii Perekhod
Traditionally, drum dryers are used for sapropel processing. But this does not take into account the content of bound moisture. As a result - degradation of vitamins, minerals, i.e. all the value is lost.

To avoid this, ALC "Agrosemproduct" use vertical dryer. The point is that the heat supplied is regulated by an air mixer and sparingly goes into the drying chamber where the temperature does not exceed 140 degrees. This allows not to destroy nutrients and at the same time effectively carry out drying to a certain level of humidity.

Therefore sapropel from ALC "Agrosemproduct" has not only high quality, but also unique properties, which literally works wonders.